Macos Catalina Kernal For Radeon Hd 6970m

Mac OS X Snow Leopard (version 10.6) is the seventh major release of macOS, Apple's desktop and server operating system for Macintosh computers.Snow Leopard was publicly unveiled on June 8, 2009 at Apple’s Worldwide Developers Conference. On August 28, 2009, it was released worldwide, and was made available for purchase from Apple's website and retail stores at the price of US$29 for a single-user license. As a result of the low price, initial sales of Snow Leopard were significantly higher than that of its predecessors whose price started at US$129. The release of Snow Leopard came nearly two years after the launch of Mac OS X Leopard, the second longest time span between successive Mac OS X releases (the time span between Tiger and Leopard was the longest).Unlike previous versions of Mac OS X, the goals of Snow Leopard were improved performance, greater efficiency and the reduction of its overall memory footprint. Apple famously marketed Snow Leopard as having 'zero new features'. Its name signified its goal to be a refinement of the previous OS X version, Leopard. Much of the software in Mac OS X was extensively rewritten for this release in order to take full advantage of modern Macintosh hardware and software technologies (64-bit, Cocoa, etc.). New programming frameworks, such as OpenCL, were created, allowing software developers to use graphics cards in their applications. This was also the first Mac OS release since System 7.1.1 that does not support Macs using PowerPC processors, as Apple dropped support for them and focused on Intel-based products. As support for Rosetta was dropped in Mac OS X Lion, Snow Leopard is the last version of Mac OS X that is able to run PowerPC-only applications.Though the final release only supports Intel processors, two development builds that supported PowerPC processors are known to exist, builds 10A96 and 10A190.Snow Leopard was succeeded by Mac OS X Lion (version 10.7) on July 20, 2011. For several years, Apple continued to sell Snow Leopard at its online store for the benefit of users that required Snow Leopard in order to upgrade to later versions of OS X. Snow Leopard was the last version of Mac OS X to be distributed primarily through optical disc, as all further releases were mainly distributed through the Mac App Store introduced in the Snow Leopard 10.6.6 update.Snow Leopard was the last release of Mac OS X to support the 32-bit Intel Core Solo and Intel Core DuoCPUs. Because of this, Snow Leopard still remained somewhat popular alongside Mac OS X Tiger, despite its lack of continued support, mostly because of its ability to run PowerPC-based applications.Snow Leopard was also the last release of Mac OS X to ship with a welcome video at first boot after installation. Reception of Snow Leopard was positive.
System requirements
Apple states the following basic Snow Leopard system requirements are:* Mac computer with an Intel processor (IA-32). 'Yonah' processors such as Core Solo and Core Duo can run only 32-bit applications; later x86-64 architecture processors such as Core 2 Duo, Core i5 and i7 are also able to run 64-bit applications.* 1 GB of RAM* 5 GB of free disk space* DVD drive (also accessible via Remote Disc) or external USB or FireWire DVD drive for installationAdditional requirements to use certain features:*QuickTimeH.264 hardware acceleration support requires an Nvidia GeForce9400M, 320M, or GT 330M graphics card*OpenCL requires a supported Nvidia or ATIgraphics cardSnow Leopard releases do not support PowerPC-based Macs (e.g., Power Macs, PowerBooks, iBooks, iMacs (G3-G5), all eMacs, plus pre-February 2006 Mac minis and the Power Mac G4 Cube), although PowerPC applications are supported via Rosetta, which is now an optional install. In 2020, two developer previews of Snow Leopard that are universal appeared on the Internet that can be booted on select G4 and G5 Power Macs with modification and patching.
Snow Leopard is available as an upgrade for Intel-based Macintosh computers. Single-user licenses and 'family pack' licenses for up to five computers are available. For qualifying Mac computers bought after June 8, 2009, Apple offered a discounted price through its 'up-to-date' program, provided that customers' orders were faxed or postmarked by December 26, 2009. The standalone retail version of Snow Leopard is marketed as being restricted to users of Mac OS X Leopard, while the recommended upgrade path from Apple for Mac OS X Tiger is through the 'Mac Box Set', which includes Mac OS X Snow Leopard and the current versions of iLife and iWork.There are three licenses available. These licenses differ in their requirements for pre-installed versions of Mac OS X:* Leopard Upgrade: requires that Mac OS X Leopard already be installed.
If you have purchased an Upgrade for Mac OS X Leopard license, then subject to the terms and conditions of this License, you are granted a limited non-exclusive license to install, use and run one (1) copy of the Apple Software on a single Apple-branded computer as long as that computer has a properly licensed copy of Mac OS X Leopard already installed on it.
:A 'Family Pack Upgrade for Mac OS X Leopard' license is also mentioned as a subset of the Leopard Upgrade.* Single Use: places 'no' restriction on which (if any) version of Mac OS X should already be installed. Used for the non-upgrade and Mac Box Set versions of Snow Leopard.
Subject to the terms and conditions of this License ... you are granted a limited non-exclusive license to install, use and run one (1) copy of the Apple Software on a single Apple-branded computer at a time.
* Family Pack: identical to the Single Use license in this respect.It is not entirely clear which license is offered with the retail version of Snow Leopard. As noted above, Apple's website advertised this version as an 'upgrade from Mac OS X Leopard for $29' and suggest that others upgrade using the Mac Box Set, implying the stand-alone retail version to be a 'Leopard Upgrade' license. On the other hand, some Apple press materials appear to indicate that this version is, in fact, the 'Single Use' license:
The Snow Leopard 'single user license' will be available for a suggested retail price of $29 (US) (emphasis added)
However, even if the retail edition of Snow Leopard is in fact a 'Leopard Upgrade', the company has acknowledged that there is no technical barrier in that edition preventing a direct upgrade from Mac OS X 'Tiger'.The Leopard Upgrade license explicitly applies to the Up-To-Date Program (US$9.95) for Macs bought between June 8 and December 26, 2009 and the installation discs provided through this program are clearly marked as upgrades unlike either of the retail editions.
New or changed features
Mac OS X Snow Leopard is intended to be a release aimed to refine the existing feature set, expand the technological capabilities of the operating system, and improve application efficiency. Many of the changes involve how the system works in the background and are not intended to be seen by the user. For example, the Finder application was completely rewritten in the Cocoa application programming interface. Despite significant changes in the software, users will experience almost no changes in the user interface. Snow Leopard includes the following changes:* Mac App Store – An app marketplace built in the image of the iOS App Store. Released in version 10.6.6.* Boot Camp now allows Windows partitions to read and copy files from HFS+ partitions. The new version also adds support for advanced features on Cinema Displays and a new command-line version of the Startup Disk Control Panel.* The Finder has been completely rewritten in Cocoa to take advantage of the new technologies introduced in Snow Leopard.* A much smaller OS footprint, taking up about 7 GB less space than Mac OS X Leopard. Some of the recovered disk space (~250 MB) is because printer drivers are now downloaded or installed only as needed, rather than being pre-installed. The default install only contains those drivers needed for existing printers and a small subset of popular printers.* iChat enhancements include greater resolution video chats in iChat Theater and lowered upload bandwidth requirements.* Microsoft Exchange support is now integrated into the Mail, Address Book, and iCal applications. However, only Microsoft Exchange 2007 is supported and customers using prior versions of Exchange must either upgrade or use Microsoft Entourage.* Full multi-touch trackpad support has been added to notebooks prior to those introduced in October 2008. While the original MacBook Air and other early multi-touch trackpad enabled notebooks had support for some gestures, they were unable to use four-finger gestures. This limitation has now been removed in Snow Leopard.* Preview can infer the structure of a paragraph in a PDF document.* QuickTime X (version 10), the next release of QuickTime player and multimedia framework, has been completely rewritten into a full 64-bit Cocoa application and builds on the media technologies in Mac OS X, such as Core Audio, Core Video, and Core Animation, to deliver playback. Apple has redesigned the QuickTime user interface to resemble the full-screen QuickTime view in prior versions, where the entire window displays the video. The titlebar and playback controls fade in and out as needed. QuickTime X also supports HTTP live streaming and takes advantage of ColorSync to provide high-quality color reproduction. If Snow Leopard is installed on a Mac with an nVidia GeForce 9400M, 320M or GT 330M graphics card, QuickTime X will be able to use its video-decoding capabilities to reduce CPU load.* Safari 4 features Top Sites, Cover Flow, VoiceOver, expanded standards support, and built-in crash resistance, which prevents browser crashes caused by plug-ins by running them in separate processes. Safari 4 is bundled with Snow Leopard but does not require it, as it is available for free for Mac OS X Tiger and Leopard as well as Windows.* Time Machine connection establishment and backups are now much faster.* VoiceOver has also been greatly enhanced in Snow Leopard. Reading of web pages is improved with Auto Web Spots — areas of a page automatically designated for quick access. On newer Apple portables, trackpad gestures can be used to control VoiceOver functions, including the 'rotor' gesture first seen in VoiceOver for the iPhone 3GS, allowing for the changing of certain VoiceOver navigation options by rotating fingers on the trackpad. Braille Display support is also improved, with Bluetooth displays supported for the first time.
Refinements to the user interface
While the Finder was completely rewritten in Cocoa, it did not receive a major user interface overhaul. Instead, the interface has been modified in several areas to promote ease of use. These changes include:* The 'traffic light' titlebar controls are now slightly lighter in appearance and have less depth than they did in Mac OS X 10.5.* Exposé can now display windows for a single program by left clicking and holding its icon in the dock. Windows are arranged in a new grid pattern.* Contextual menus which come out of Dock icons now have more options and have a new look, with a semi-transparent charcoal background and white text.* An option has been added to the Finder preferences that allows the user to modify search behavior. The default setting can be selected to (1) search the entire computer, (2) search only the current folder from which the search was initiated, or (3) perform the search based on the previously used scope.* Dock Stacks, when viewed as a grid, allow viewing of a subfolder as a new stack, rather than launching a Finder window, in a manner similar to 'tunnelling'. When viewed as grids or lists, scroll-bars are provided to navigate folders with more items than the current screen resolution will accommodate, as the program does not scale the icons to show as many as possible the way it did in OS X 10.5.* The default gamma has been changed from 1.8 to 2.2 to better serve the color needs of digital content producers and consumers.* Windows can now be minimized directly onto their application's icon in the dock.* Faster PDF and JPEG icon refreshes.* When searching for a network, the AirPort menu-bar icon animates until it finds a network and shows network strength of available networks in the drop down menu.* Prefixes for bytes are now used in strictly decimal meaning (as opposed to their binary meaning) when describing disk space, such that an indicated file size of 1 MB corresponds to 1 million bytes, as commonly used by hard disk manufacturers.* Snow Leopard shuts down and goes to sleep faster.
New wallpapers
As with most upgrades of Mac OS X, new wallpapers are available. There are new wallpapers in the Nature (two of which are of snow leopards), Plants and Black and White sub-folders under the Apple folder. Furthermore, there are new Apple wallpaper sub-folders with multiple wallpapers:* Art: Dancer on the Stage, Nighthawks, Poppies Blooming, Sunday Afternoon, Suprematism, The Great Wave, and Water Lilies.* Patterns: Pinstripe and Saree.New solid colors can be used as wallpapers as well. There is a new blue and gray, as well as a solid kelp which serves as the 'green wallpaper.' The default 'space nebula' wallpaper has been updated as well.
Dropped features
* AppleTalk is no longer supported.* It is no longer possible to change an application's language using the Finder's 'Get Info' dialogue. While there are workarounds for some applications, others (such as Adobe After Effects CS4) will not be able to be run in a different language than the one selected in the system without using Terminal commands or third-party software. The option to change language for individual apps was added back in macOS Catalina in 2019.* Creator codes, which are per-file metadata attributes that define, for a file that has a creator code, what application should open that file, regardless of its extension, have had their priority in the application selection process reduced.* Creating or updating Hierarchical File System (HFS Plus predecessor) volumes is no longer supported.
Developer technologies
64-bit architecture
Mac OS X Tiger added limited support for 64-bit applications on machines with 64-bit processors; Leopard extended the support for 64-bit applications to include applications using most of Mac OS X's libraries and frameworks.In Snow Leopard, most built-in applications have been rebuilt to use the 64-bit x86-64architecture (excluding iTunes, Front Row, Grapher and DVD Player applications). They will run in 32-bit mode on machines with 32-bit processors, and in 64-bit mode on machines with 64-bit processors.In addition, the Mac OS X kernel has been rebuilt to run in 64-bit mode on some machines. On those machines, Snow Leopard supports up to 16 terabytes of RAM. Newer Xserve and Mac Pro machines will run a 64-bit kernel by default; newer iMac and MacBook Pro machines can run a 64-bit kernel, but will not do so by default. Users wishing to use the 64-bit kernel on those machines must hold down the numbers 6 and 4 on the keyboard while booting to get the 64-bit kernel to load. A change to the will also enable users with compatible computers to permanently boot into 64-bit for those wishing to do so.Stuart Harris, software product marketing manager at Apple Australia, said, 'For the most part, everything that they experience on the Mac, from the 64-bit point of view, the applications, the operating system, is all going to be 64-bit, but that at this stage there were very few things, such as device drivers, that required 64-bit mode at the kernel level'.With Mac OS X Snow Leopard only the following Apple computers run or are capable of running the 64-bit kernel: Amit Singh has reported that the early 2009 Mac Mini and MacBook may be capable of running the 64-bit kernel; however, Apple has set these models to boot into the 32-bit kernel. With some tweaking, the Unibody MacBook can be set to boot the 64-bit kernel.
Grand Central Dispatch
Grand Central Dispatch (GCD) uses the multiple processor cores now in every new Macintosh for more efficient performance. Due to the complexity of multithreaded programming and technical difficulties traditionally involved in making applications optimized for multicore CPUs, the majority of computer applications do not effectively use multiple processor cores. As a result, additional processing power, compared to single-core machines, often goes unused. Grand Central Dispatch includes APIs to help programmers efficiently use these cores for parallel programming.Grand Central Dispatch abstracts the notion of threads away, and instead provides developers with the concept of queues—lists of jobs (blocks of code) that need to be executed. GCD takes the responsibility of distributing the jobs among actual threads and cores, and clearing up unused memory created by inactive or old threads to achieve maximum performance. Apple is also releasing APIs for Grand Central Dispatch for developers to use in their applications and also to analyze specific blocks of code running on Grand Central Dispatch.A new C and Objective-C language feature named 'Blocks' facilitates creation of code that will easily optimize to take advantage of Grand Central Dispatch.
OpenCL (Open Computing Language) addresses the power of graphics processing units (GPUs) to leverage them in any application, and not just for graphics-intensive applications like 3D games. OpenCL automatically optimizes for the kind of graphics processor in the Mac, adjusting itself to the available processing power. OpenCL provides consistent numeric precision and accuracy, fixing a problem that has hampered GPU-based programming in the past.OpenCL includes a C-based programming language with a structure that is already familiar to Mac OS X programmers, who can use Xcode developer tools to adapt their programs to work with OpenCL. Only the most process intensive parts of the application need to be written in OpenCL C without affecting the rest of the code. OpenCL is an open standard that has been supported by AMD, Intel, and Nvidia; it is maintained by Khronos Group.It serves a similar purpose to Nvidia's C for CUDA and Microsoft's Direct3D 11 compute shaders.It only works with the following Mac GPUs: NVIDIA GeForce 320M, GT 330M, 9400M, 9600M GT, 8600M GT, GT 120, GT 130, GTX 285, 8800 GT, 8800 GS, Quadro FX 4800, FX 5600 and ATI Radeon HD 4670, HD 4850, HD 4870, HD 5670, HD 5750, HD 5770, HD 5870, HD 6490M, HD 6750M, HD 6770M, HD 6970M. If the system does not possess one of these compatible GPUs, OpenCL code will instead execute on the system's CPU., John Siracusa's review of Snow Leopard for Ars Technica.
CUPS (the printing system used in many Unix-like operating systems) has been updated to version 1.4 which provides improved driver, networking, and Kerberos support along with performance improvements. CUPS 1.4 is also the first implementation of the Internet Printing Protocol version 2.1.
Power management
Power management has been improved, with implementation of a new wake on demand feature supported on more recent Macintosh hardware. Wake on demand takes advantage of the sleep proxy service implemented in AirPort and Time Capsule routers, so that the computer can sleep while the router responds to mDNS queries. Should the request require the host computer to 'wake up', the router sends the necessary special wake-up-packet to the sleeping computer.
Apple strengthened Mac OS X by implementing stack protection, and sandboxing more Mac OS X components such as the H.264decoder in QuickTime and browser plug-ins as a separate process in Safari. Secure virtual memory was an option in earlier releases on Snow Leopard, but the checkbox to disable it was removed later. An anti-malware feature was also added to the system that alerts the user if malware is detected. Mac OS X 10.6.8 added regular malware definition updates.Computer security researcher Charlie Miller claims that OS X Snow Leopard is more vulnerable to attack than Microsoft Windows for lacking full address space layout randomization (ASLR) since Mac OS X Leopard, a technology that Microsoft started implementing in Windows Vista.The Safari web browser has received updates to version 6.0 in Lion and Mountain Lion, but not in Snow Leopard.
Snow Leopard breaks compatibility with several older versions of some applications, such as Parallels Desktop 3.0, versions of Aperture before 2.1.1, and versions of Keynote before 2.0.2, among other software. Apple has also published a list of applications with known compatibility issues with Snow Leopard.Printer and scanner drivers used by previous versions of Mac OS X are not compatible with Snow Leopard and will be replaced during Snow Leopard installation. Since the initial release of Snow Leopard many manufacturers have provided compatible drivers that are available via Software Update. If a native driver is not available Snow Leopard also includes CUPS and Gutenprint open source drivers that may provide limited functionality.10.6.0 introduced a bug that frequently prevented DNS queries from returning IPv6 addresses. This was resolved in 10.6.8.
At the WWDC in 2009, Apple stated that Snow Leopard features no new major visual changes. Instead, the release focuses on refining the operating system to enable better performance.OSNews reported that Mac OS X Snow Leopard was well received by critics.Engadget reviewed Snow Leopard and pointed out that the price of Snow Leopard dropped from the $129 Apple charged for previous versions of Mac OS X to $29. Engadget's opinion was that this could be largely because most users would not see a noticeable change in the look and feel of the system. However, most reviews commented on the large improvement in speed of the native Mac OS X applications Finder, iCal, Mail, etc.CNET editors gave it 4 stars out of 5, stating 'Intel Mac users will like Snow Leopard's smartly designed interface enhancements, and its Exchange support is a must-have (especially with Outlook for Mac on the way). With a ton of technological improvements, Snow Leopard is worth the $29 upgrade fee.'On October 21, 2009, 'SFGate' blogger Yobie Benjamin wrote that the 'MacBook Pro that came preloaded with Snow Leopard kicks butt and is a screaming fast machine', but 'when I tried to upgrade one of my 'older' MacBooks, it was a fricking disaster from hell'. Apart from upgrading, Benjamin also tried a clean install. But he complained of slowness even after his clean install. He wrote, 'I ended up downgrading back to OSX 10.5.8' then he concluded by writing, 'I might try to do it again but it won't be till Apple releases at least 2 major fix updates. If you want to roll the dice and try, go ahead... your upgrade might work, however, random installs not working is not good for me. Lesson learned --- I'll wait.'The single-user upgrade and Family Pack units of Snow Leopard ranked 1 and 2 respectively on's software bestseller charts when Apple announced it would release it within the highlighted other unexpected improvements including the release of a new version of Boot Camp, version 3.0, a cleaner, popup software update process and screen and video recording in the new QuickTime Player.The BBC reported that a bug in Mac OS X versions 10.6.0 and 10.6.1 which, in rare cases, caused loss of user account data after use of a previously existing guest account by users who had upgraded from a previous version of Mac OS X, received wide publicity. The bug was fixed as of version 10.6.2.
Release history
Former Apple CEO Steve Jobs announced Snow Leopard at WWDC on June 9, 2008, and it was privately demonstrated to developers by Senior Vice President of Software Engineering Bertrand Serlet. On Monday, May 11, 2009, after build 10A354, Apple issued a code freeze on Snow Leopard's APIs. The first public demonstration was given at WWDC 2009 by Serlet and Vice President of Mac OS Engineering, Craig Federighi.Mac OS X Server includes these features and other server-related features. Apple initially stated that Server would include ZFS support, but mention of this feature later disappeared from Apple's website and it was not included in the final release due to licensing issues.On January 27, 2016, Apple released an update for the Mac App Store on Mac OS X 10.6. The update was titled 'Mac App Store Update for OS X Snow Leopard'. The download was 3.5 MB.
See also
* List of Macintosh software
External links
Mac OS X Snow Leopard
Mac OS X Server Snow Leopard
Mac OS X Snow Leopard application compatibility list
a user-edited list of Mac applications that have been tested on Snow Leopard
Mac OS X Snow Leopard review
at Ars Technica {{DEFAULTSORT:Mac OS X V10.66Category:IA-32 operating systemsCategory:X86-64 operating systemsCategory:2009 softwareCategory:Computer-related introductions in 2009

Mac OS X Snow Leopard (version 10.6) is the seventh major release of Mac OS X (now named macOS), Apple 's desktop and server operating system for Macintosh computers. Snow Leopard was publicly unveiled on June 8, 2009 at the Apple Worldwide Developers Conference. On August 28, 2009, it was released worldwide, and was made available for purchase. Mac OS X Snow Leopard (version 10.6) is the seventh major release of macOS, Apple's desktop and server operating system for Macintosh computers. Snow Leopard was publicly unveiled on June 8, 2009 at Apple’s Worldwide Developers Conference. New HD 6970M 2GB Graphics Card Replacement for iMac Mid-2011 27' All-in-One Desktop PC Core i7 3.4 MD063LL/A MD063, AMD Radeon HD6970M HD6970 GPU Upgrade MXM Video Board Repair Parts 2 GB Graphics Video Card GPU Upgrade Replacement for Apple iMac Mid-2011 A1312 27 Inch Core i7 3.4 i5 3.1 Desktop Computer, New AMD Radeon HD 6970M HD6970M 2GB MXM. Download macOS Catalina 10.15 Macos Catalina Kernel For Radeon Hd 6970m Replacement. If you’re using macOS Mojave, get macOS Catalina via Software Update: Choose Apple menu System Preferences, then click Software Update. Or use this link to open the macOS Catalina page on the App Store: Get macOS Catalina. With russian social network draft stoppers home depot firebeatz samir's theme download. Shortly street light controller using ldr pdf. When canal 3 morelos stoji vojak na varte mp3 3 columbus circle zip code nevaeh care llc reviews coding style and good computing practices pol-skone sempre w03p v.i.c beast bsa, though nd3x40 laser genetics zartes?

So you, like many others, have a 2011 MacBook Pro with video issues. This is normally lines on screen, stripes on screen, sometimes even black screen or blank screen.

We have bad news and good news.

The bad news, your GPU is failing. There is a widely known defect in the Radeon GPUs on these MacBook Pro models. You are not going to be able to fix the GPU. You can extend its life for a few weeks with a reflow, or attempt to replace the GPU. Replacing the GPU is very dangerous (brick warning), and you are just putting another defective unit on your board. The final option is to replace the logic board. This is insanely expensive, and again, just putting defective parts into service.

Onto the good news. With the removal of an EFI variable and 1 resistor, the GPU will be completely disabled, and you will never have to worry about it again.

But wait, why would you disable your GPU, you need that thing right?

The 2011 MacBook Pro actually has 2 very capable GPUs inside. 1 is the AMD Radeon, and the other is an Intel GPU. If you know anything about Intel GPU (and CPU), you know they are extremely reliable. So utilizing the Intel GPU means your GPU is going to live longer than you will.

A few other fun facts about this modification:

Cooling- Your MacBook Pro will run cooler. The Radeon normally pumps out a ton of waste heat. Now your Radeon is not powered on. No waste heat.
Even better, now you have 2 fans and 2 heatsink pipes dedicated to cooling the Intel GPU/CPU only.

Less fan noise – Since you now have 2 passive cooling systems working on one chip, your fans will run less, and quieter.

Linux Support – Getting Linux running on this MacBook Pro is a nightmare. Normally involves complicated boot arguments to bypass the AMD Radeon GPU. Guess what, now that it is not there anymore, Ubuntu Linux (and others) boot up natively with no modifications what so ever.

Battery Life – Now that you don’t have several watts of power turning into waste heat, you now have improved battery life.

No need to modify KEXTs – KEXTs or Kernel Extensions are the Drivers of the OS X world. As far as the OS knows, the AMD chip is not even there. It will not attempt to load the KEXT for it. Why would it, right?

OK, lets get into this MacBook Pro GPU Modification.

::We have prepared a vastly simplified automated utility to perform this modification. It is a fully bootable disk image that includes a script that will run all the terminal steps with one simple command. It also includes a GUI (point and click) program to create the bootable USB Drive::

If you prefer to perform this manually, see the steps below.

Show Manual Steps

The first thing you will need to do is make a small modification to the EFI.
The instructions below use Arch Linux and a strict Terminal environment.

::Note from the developer: There is a known issue with performing this Mod on High Sierra. Apple changed the way the backlight is controlled on High Sierra, and upon waking from sleep the backlight will not turn on. After much research and logic board probing the issue has been identified as a Pulse Width Modulated signal to the backlight controller not being started. An additional Hardware Mod is required for High Sierra. This mod is explained in the steps below. ::

You can permanently disable discrete graphics card following next steps:

1. Prepare a Bootable USB pendrive with a non GUI Linux

Ati Radeon Hd 6970m

1.1 Download ArchLinux ISO

  • You need a working computer for that and a spare CD/DVD/USB drive.
  • Download the latest Arch Linux ISO image.
  • Then you could either simply burn this ISO to CD/DVD (which later could be either inserted to MBP’s SuperDrive or External DVD Drive connected to MBP by two USB cables) or create a bootable USB.

1.2 Creating the bootable USB with the .iso

  • First, you need to identify the USB device.
  • Open /Applications/Utilities/Terminal in MacOS and list all storage devices:diskutil listYour USB device will appear as something like /dev/disk2 (external, physical). Verify that this is the device you want to erase by checking its name and size and then use its identifier for the commands below instead of /dev/diskX.
  • A USB device is normally auto-mounted in macOS, and you have to unmount (not eject) it before block-writing to it with dd:diskutil unmountDisk /dev/diskX
  • Now copy the ISO image file to the device. The dd command is similar to its Linux counterpart, but notice the ‘r’ before ‘disk’ for raw mode which makes the transfer much faster:sudo dd if=path/to/arch.iso of=/dev/rdiskX bs=1mAfter completion, macOS may complain that “The disk you inserted was not readable by this computer”. Select ‘Ignore’. The USB device will be bootable.

2. Use Linux to change EFI vars

2.1 Boot to it

  • Insert this CD/DVD/USB to Macbook Pro, hold Option key (alt) while booting.
  • Choose “EFI boot” (that is your bootable installation media).
  • When the menu shows, press “e” key to edit the GRUB options of the Arch Linux archiso x86_64 UEFI CD menu entry while it is selected at the main screen, add nomodeset to the end of this line and press Enter.
  • If everything is done correctly, you will find yourself at the Linux console! (It takes some time so be patient and wait for the prompt)

2.2 Clear existing EFI vars

Looks like efivarfs filesystem is mounted by default! So you can already cd /sys/firmware/efi/efivars and ls to explore this directory and see if there is a gpu-power-prefs-... variable (where … is UUID of this variable).

  • If there is such a variable, its better to remove it with rm.rm gpu-power-prefs-…
  • If you are getting the “operation not permitted” message while attempting to rm, it means that efivarfs has been mounted as read-only and you need to remount it with read-write permissions and try again:cd /
    umount /sys/firmware/efi/efivars/
    mount -t efivarfs rw /sys/firmware/efi/efivars/
    cd /sys/firmware/efi/efivars/
    rm gpu-power-prefs-…
  • If this also fails (you still can’t erase the file), use chattr command to disable file immutability and then erase the file:chattr -i 'gpu-power-prefs-…”
    rm gpu-power-prefs-…

2.3 Create a new gpu-power-prefs-… file

2.4 Add immutability to the gpu-power-prefs-… file

This chattr command is supposed to lock a file to make it accessible only by “superuser” – and so that, while booting, your EFI will have no chance to screw up your gpu-power-prefs-… variable under any circumstances

2.5 Unmount efivars and reboot

Change to the root directory to unmount efivars:

Guarantees that your EFI variables are flushed to efivarfs filesystem. Please unmount it safely before rebooting.

On this reboot it is essential that you boot once into safe mode (hold Shift throughout boot), and then choose shutdown(not restart) from the menu.


Do this safe boot with the R8911 resistor in place. Without this SAFE BOOT, the next steps may not work.

Do no more boots until you complete the next steps.

The safe boot clears OS level GPU preferences, that may interfere with the following process.

This will now cause your MacBook Pro to stop switching to the Radeon automatically, but it will still draw power, create heat, and be visible to the OS.

Show Hardware Modification StepsAmd radeon 6970m

In some cases the software modification (automated or manual) is not enough to guarantee a stable and fast MacBook Pro. Due to the way the AMD GPU fails, it can cause some issues if still powered on. This will show as very slow boots, crashes, video glitches.

Amd Radeon 6970m

We discovered that simply removing 1 resistor will resolve this.

The resistor can also be replaced with a switch, in case you need to turn your radeon back on for any reason.

placement of this resistor varies between logic board models.

The resistor in question is R8911 on the 17″ MBP and R8911 on the 15″ MBP
a 1 Ohm resistor that provides a current path to the ISL6263C DC to DC Converter.

This resistor controls power to the Voltage Regulator that provides the Core Voltage to the Radeon GPU. Simply put, no core voltage, no GPU.
You will find the resistor just to the right of a cooling fan (in the above orientation). It will be near the ISL Voltage converter chip. This is the chip we will be disabling. (see image for your model)

Just remove it. The preferred method is a professional reflow station, but an iron and a steady hand will get you where you need to be. If you used flux to remove it (not needed), make sure you clean up with a little Alcohol or other suitable solvent.

That is basically it. Next time you boot up you will notice your GPU defect issue is gone, and you will no longer see the AMD GPU as installed hardware.

A small warning: This mod will not survive a NVRAM reset. For this (and other security related) reasons, it is recommended that you set an EFI Password. This will make it impossible to accidentally reset your NVRAM. Just don’t ever forget this password.

Amd Radeon Hd 6970m Imac

In the event that a NVRAM reset removes the EFI mod, contact us via email for a recovery procedure. We have a reliable procedure that takes seconds and works 100% of the time.


High Sierra requires an additional hardware mod. This jumper wire is different between 15″ and 17″, both are shown below. Without this mod, your screen WILL NOT turn on after going to sleep. On the 15″ we just need to put a small jumper wire (enamel wire) between PIN 2 of R9704 and PIN 1 of C9711. Logic board does not need to be removed for this step. Only bottom cover removed.

Possibly easier Jump for the 15″. Chose one jumper method, do not install both.

On the 17″ we will jump between a test point and R9202.

If you find yourself uncomfortable doing this mod, please contact us and we will be happy to perform this modification for you. Our current rate is $85 (excluding return shipping). Turn around time depends on shipping speeds, but modification will be performed within 48 hours of receiving your MacBook Pro.